Growing cannabis from seed may seem a daunting task but with the right knowledge, techniques, and guidance it can be a relatively easy task. The main four stages of cannabis growth are germination, seedling, vegetative, and flowering.
During the germination stage, your cannabis seeds will sprout out of the ground and grow their taproot down into the soil. You can start this process in either soil or an inert medium such as rockwool or perlite cubes – whichever works best for you!
In the seedling stage, your seeds will develop into small baby plants that are sensitive to heat and humidity levels; in this stage, it is important to provide optimal care so your plants thrive.
As your plants move into the vegetative stage their growth should accelerate; implementing proper lighting schedules and feeding will help ensure healthy foliage radiating out on strong stems up with fan leaves widening outward in fall directions.
Finally comes the flowering stage; here is when buds begin to form which will eventually mature and be harvested for consumption. Learning how to properly assess nutrient needs and adjust lights according to marijuana plant cycles coupled with proper training methods can help you produce some really high-quality bud each harvest season.
What Do Cannabis Seeds Look Like?
Cannabis seeds are small and round, bulbous in shape, with sizes usually around ⅛ to ¼ inch in diameter. They often have distinguishing features like lines on them – known as “tiger stripes”- that allow for easier identification. Their appearance can range from being light brown in color to dark brown, sometimes even black.
Furthermore, some might be covered with fuzz or a white waxy coating which gives it a velvety texture. Despite their small size, cannabis seeds are incredibly resilient and durable; they’re naturally equipped to survive the natural elements that come their way.
Cannabis Seeds vs Clones
Growing from cannabis seeds is a popular choice for home growers due to its convenience. Seeds are usually easier to acquire than clones, allowing the grower to start growing with relative ease. In addition, plants grown from seed can produce stronger plants with more solid genetics – and can make for a hardier and more robust specimen.
The taproot in cannabis plants obtained from seeds is especially strong, providing these plants with an extra layer of protection during their younger years.
How Weed Seeds Work
Cannabis plants are dioecious, meaning they can either be male or female. While only the females produce buds, males have pollen sacs used to pollinate the females, resulting in the production of seeds.
Whether these cannabis seeds are dropped to the ground where they will grow into new plants or harvested for later use–such as in seed oils, food products, and/or storage–they serve a vital role in producing more of these ubiquitous plants.
Pros And Cons Of Using Cannabis Seeds
Growing from cannabis seeds is a great option for those looking to start a garden full of high-quality cannabis. When buying from a reputable breeder or seed bank, growers can have peace of mind that the genetics are top-notch and that the plants won’t come with any diseases or pests.
Also, breeders will be able to provide you with additional information on how the particular strain grows, how much yield it will produce and what it will look and smell like.
However, there are certain drawbacks to using cannabis seeds. For one thing, when you buy cannabis seeds alone without specified genders, it typically comes as a mix of females and males which will have to be sifted through with manual sexing upon first signs of flowering to identify the male plants and get rid of them.
This can require quite some time; failure to eliminate the males might lead to pollination and seedy buds as every female plant would produce offspring instead of psychoactive tops. Furthermore, not all cannabis competition organizers accept entries grown from seed.
How Weed Clones Work
Weed clones are produced through a process known as asexual reproduction, which is the process of producing new plants from cuttings taken from one “mother” plant. The cutting removed from the mother plant is genetically identical to the mother, creating an exact copy or clone of the source specimen.
This cloning process involves taking cuttings of desirable marijuana and placing them in soil, water or hydrated rooting mediums that contain nutrients that trigger stem and root growth.
Depending on the chosen substrate and other conditions, rooting can take anywhere from two days to a few weeks as new roots emerge and become established.
Pros And Cons Of Using Cannabis Clones
The ability to create exact replicas of your favorite strain or phenotype with cannabis cloning can be an attractive proposition for growers, as it allows you to always grow the same variant of marijuana.
Not only are the genetics identical, meaning all the characteristics like flavor, cannabinoid profile, yield and grow time remains the same, it also eliminates the need to buy new seeds every time you want to plant something else. Cloning is also a much faster process than growing from seed alone.
However, there are some drawbacks to using clones instead of seeds. First and foremost, the cloning process must occur during the vegetative phase of a plant’s life cycle – flowering is too late for this stage.
If you don’t have multiple lights in your setup for separate plants at varying stages of growth, it’s difficult to keep both mothers and clones alive simultaneously. Then there’s also the risk that negative traits from the mother plant may carry over into its clones.
Despite these considerations though, many growers find that cloning is a great way to ensure consistency in their crop and make sure each harvest carries what they consider their perfect phenotype.
What Are Feminized Cannabis Seeds?
Feminized cannabis seeds are a popular choice among cultivators, as they guarantee that the healthy plants resulting from these seeds will be female. This is particularly useful for growers who wish to produce buds and avoid the need of eradicating male plants in order to avoid pollination.
These seeds are produced by inducing a monoecious condition of the female cannabis plant, resulting in a single set of genetics throughout, which is similar to when you clone through plant cuttings except this time using a seed.
The resulting female plants have the exact same characteristics as their foremother since the genetic information it carries does not come from different sources.
What Are Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?
Autoflowering cannabis seeds have become a popular choice for beginning growers. These types of seeds require much less attention and effort as compared to other varieties of cannabis because they are not reliant on light cycles to flower.
Cannabis ruderalis, which developed in extremely northern climates where there is little sunlight, will begin flowering automatically once the mature plants reach a certain maturity, regardless of how much light they receive.
This means that you don’t have to worry about manually reducing the hours of light each day or accessing special lighting systems to prompt the growth cycle—autoflowers will flower on their own without any extra help!
What Are High-CBD Cannabis Seeds?
High-CBD cannabis seeds are a type of cannabis that has been selectively bred to produce elevated concentrations of the therapeutic compound cannabidiol (CBD). For years, humans have deliberately cultivated cannabis plants with higher than normal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), often in response to recreational demand.
Yet, due to the fact that THC and CBD utilize entirely different biochemical pathways in the plant, this selection process had effectively eliminated any possibility of forming high-CBD cannabis varieties. Recently, however, advancements in breeding methodology have allowed for so-called “reverse breeding” efforts focused on preserving desirable CBD quantities.
These methods generally involve combining high-THC plants with hemp varieties, as hemp naturally produces far more CBD than other forms of cannabis. The result is a special new strain with an abundance of a therapeutic cannabinoid long absent from mainstream markets but now increasingly sought after by people suffering from conditions such as depression and anxiety.
How To Germinate Marijuana Seeds
Germinating marijuana seeds is an essential part of any cultivation process in order to successfully grow your crop. It is the process in which a seed sprouts and begins to grow into a new plant; also referred to as “popping.”
There are many different types of marijuana seeds that can be acquired from an array of sources; ranging from local gardening centers to specialized online shops. Some cannabis strains will produce higher quality than others, depending on how well the seed was grown or stored before its purchase.
Step one of this process requires the use of four sheets of paper towels and distilled water. The paper towels should be thoroughly soaked with distilled water and not overloaded or dripped with excess water. Doing this properly is essential to ensure that the towels have enough moisture to assist with cleaning, yet remain free from any damage caused by overly saturated material.
The second step in growing a successful crop of marijuana is to take two of the water-soaked paper towels and place them on a plate. The paper towels will provide the necessary moisture to help stimulate germination, which is the process by which seeds begin to sprout.
Once the two paper towels are laid out, carefully separate each seed so they are at least an inch apart from one another and cover with the remaining two water-soaked paper towels. This will ensure that each seed has adequate access to the moisture it needs in order to start its germination process.
After arranging the seeds on a plate with the paper towels, set this aside in an area that remains cool and dark until you are ready for planting. While your marijuana seeds may begin to sprout in as little as 24 hours, it can take several days for full germination to occur during which time, it’s important to keep up with regular irrigation of the plate by adding more water if needed.
Creating a dark, protected space for seed germination is essential in order to get robust plant growth. Taking the right steps can ensure new plants have the appropriate environment to sprout and grow healthily.
Step 3 of this process involves placing a plate upside-down atop the seed tray. This will produce an enclosed region which excludes sunlight from entering and maintains high humidity levels that are beneficial for successful germination.
It is also good practice to check on the seeds throughout the germination period, usually once every week or two, to ensure they remain moist while they develop in this dark environment.
Once you have prepped the area and completed the first 3 steps of planting your seeds, it’s time to move on to step 4. To ensure successful germination, make sure your seeds are in a warm environment at 70-85°F.
Check on them once a day to see if they need more moisture and add water if needed. Some seeds germinate quickly while others may take a few days or even weeks before they break through the soil.
If two weeks go by without a seed sprouting, it’s likely that the seed is not viable and won’t ever sprout. When a seed successfully sprouts and sends out a single shoot, then you know it has germinated.
Transplanting Germinated Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis is becoming increasingly popular and accepted as a legitimate source of natural medicine, so it’s important to know how to transplant germinated cannabis seeds. Once the taproot has emerged from the seed, it’s time to transfer it into the soil or another growing medium.
First, fill a 4-inch or one-gallon pot with looser, airy potting soil. Make sure to water the soil before you plant the seed—it should be damp but not soaked. Subsequently, poke a hole in the soil with a pen or pencil; typically, make the hole twice as deep as the width of the seed. Using tweezers, place the seed in with the taproot pointing downwards and cover it lightly with soil.
After this, maintain regular watering schedules and check for root growth progress frequently until there are enough roots present to move your plant into its final pot or growing arrangement. With all necessary precautions taken, you will be able to nurture your germinated seedlings into healthy cannabis plants!